Today on our healthpository seriesSeizuresby Yusuf Babatunde Health advocate

Today on our healthpository series
Seizures
by Yusuf Babatunde
Health advocate


A seizure is the change in the electrical activity in the brain. The nerves cells (neurons) in the brain communicate by receiving and sending electrical impulses, which the brain use to send messages to other part of the body, anything that disrupt this communication pathways can cause seizures.
Seizure cannot be taken for epilepsy but a recurrent seizure is epilepsy. Generalized seizure happens in all area of the brain and it is subdivided into various types according to their symptoms, while focal seizure happens only in one part of the brain.
Some Seizure can occur nealy unnotice, while in some severe cases its cause unconsciousness.

Causes.
The main causes of seizure is often unknown, some conditions can trigger seizure, such as:
High fever
Lack of sleep
Stroke
Brain tumor
Low blood sodium (hyponatremia)
Medications, such as certain pain relievers, antidepressants or smoking cessation therapies.
Head trauma.
Illegal or recreational drugs, such as amphetamines or cocaine.
Alcohol withdrawal or extreme intoxication.

Signs and symptoms can range from mild to severe, depending on the type of seizure. Seizure signs and symptoms may include:
Temporary confusion.
Staring spell.
Uncontrollable jerking movements of the arms and legs.
Loss of consciousness.
Emotional symptoms, such as fear and anxiety.

Treatment for seizures usually involves the use of anti-seizure medications, visit a health practitioner today, if you notice any of the seizure symptoms, seizures can occur only once in some cases, but you need to see a doctor once the seizure last longer than 15minutes, or when you have a repited seizure. Never go for self medication.

First Aid for seizures.
To help someone during a seizure, take these steps:

Carefully roll the person onto one side.
Place something soft under his or her head.
Loosen tight neckwear.
Avoid putting your fingers or other objects in the person’s mouth.
Don’t try to restrain someone having a seizure.
Clear away dangerous objects, if the person is moving.
Stay with the person until medical personnel arrive.
Observe the person closely so that you can provide details on what happened.
Stay calm.

Yusuf Babatunde
Health advocate
Healthpository

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