Today on our healthpository series
HEPATITIS by Yusuf Babatunde
Hepatitis is known as the inflammation of the liver mostly caused by virus or toxin. There are other causes of this disease such as; alcohol intake, drug overuse and poison. All these can fatally damage the liver.
According to World Health Organisation (WHO), an estimated 325 million people worldwide live with hepatitis B and/or C, and for most, testing and treatment remain beyond reach.
The danger of this disease is that many people are unaware that they are already infected with the virus and by the time varying symptoms begin to appear, 90percent of the liver has been damaged. Premised on the aforementioned, it is medically advisable to get tested every six months.
There are 5 different types of viral hepatitis.
Hepatitis A, B, C, D and E
Each viral hepatitis has different modes of contamination, different modes of transmission and different ways of treatment.
Hepatitis A and E can be contracted when someone comes in contact with the faeces of someone infected with the virus, by food consumption or drinking contaminated water. known as Fecal Oral Transmission
Most times the immune system get rid of the virus if well boosted.
Hepatitis B and C can be contracted through infectious body fluid such as blood, unprotected sex, sharing sharp object with an infected person.
Hepatitis D is a rare common disease which can only be found in someone having hepatitis B virus, and can be contracted by direct contact with infected blood.
Signs and Symptoms
loss of appetite
unexplained weight loss
Jaundice (yellowish of the skin and eye)
A World Health Organisation (WHO) study found that an estimated 4.5 million premature deaths could be prevented in low- and middle-income countries by 2030 through vaccination, diagnostic tests, medicines and education campaigns.
Mostly, hepatitis can be prevented through:
Avoid sharing of sharp objects
Avoidance of illicit unprotected sex
Regular routine test
Hepatitis A and E don’t require any treatment most times as the body system helps to fight against the virus. There is presently a vaccine for hepatitis A so as to prevent the infection.
Acute hepatitis B doesn’t have any specific treatment. You can see your doctor for proper consultation on management of the virus. Meanwhile, Chronic hepatitis B is treated with antiviral medications. There is also a vaccine to prevent the infection.
Hepatitis C is being treated with antiviral medications. Presently, there is no vaccine to prevent this infection.
Hepatitis D there is no known antiviral medications for this virus.
Hepatitis D can be prevented by getting vaccine for hepatitis B.
Remember, it’s important to get tested to know your hepatitis status because most times symptoms show when the liver has already been damaged.
See your health care provider on how to get the vaccines for hepatitis so as to prevent being infected with the virus.
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