TERRORISM AND PROFILING : SHIFTING FROM TRIBE, RELIGION AND OTHER CRITERIA TO CAUSE AND EFFECT
FACULTY OF SOCIAL SCIENCES STUDENTS’ ASSOCIATION’S SYMPOSIUM ON WEDNESDAY 22ND MAY 2019
Insecurity anywhere is a threat to security everywhere.
Before dwelling into any social phenomena it is important to know what is been talked about, this brings us to definition of terms like Terrorism, A Terrorist, Religion and Tribe.
What is TERRORISM ?
Terrorism has its root in the word “terror,” which comes from the Latin word terrorem, meaning great fear.
Walter Laqueur uses the simple definition “terrorism is the illegitimate use of force to achieve a political objective by targeting innocent people”.
Tore Bjorgo states that “terrorism is a set of methods of combat rather than an identifiable ideology or movement, and involves premeditated use of violence against (primarily) non-combatants in order to achieve a psychological effect of fear on others than the immediate targets.”
Who is a TERRORIST ?
Has Vocabulary.com has it “A terrorist is Someone who uses violence, mayhem, and destruction — or the threat of those things — to coerce people or countries into taking a certain action is a terrorist. A terrorist may be motivated by religious fervor, politics, or just plain old-fashioned greed.”
What is TRIBE?
Cambridge dictionary defines tribe as group of people, often of related families, who live together, sharing the same language, culture, and history, especially those who do not live in towns or cities.
L.M Lewis believes that tribal societies are small in scale are restricted in the spatial and temporal range of their social, legal and political relations and possess a morality, a religion and worldview of corresponding dimensions
Edmund Burke posited that man is, by his constitution, a religious animal, social virtues are inseparable from religion,
Emile Durkheim religion provides social cohesion to help maintain social solidarity.
Desmond Tutu sees it in a more crude way ‘Religion is like a knife: you can either use it to cut bread, or stick in someone’s back.’
Napoleon Bonaparte attempted a more objective ground Religion is what keeps the poor from murdering the rich.
Terrorism is a global threat according to global terrorism index Total deaths from terrorism in Nigeria fell to 1,532 in 2017, a decrease of 16 per cent from the prior year. The decline follows the 63 per cent drop in deaths in Nigeria in the preceding year, and a 34 per cent drop in 2015.
Terrorism has no tribe nor religion, anyone can be a terrorist has it goes beyond looks, tribe, religion and other criteria rather the focus should be on what causes terrorism and how those causes can be resolved. One man terrorist is another man’s freedom fighter To the British, the American colonists who destroyed shiploads of tea in Boston Harbor in 1773 were terrorists. To the colonists, they were patriots and heroes.
Ajit Maan posited that ISIS’s real or imagined attractions may fail to deliver but so have countries like Syria failed to deliver. Removing ISIS militarily, even if it were possible, without removing the elements that enable it to flourish is not a good strategy.
When there is bomb blast or any form of terrorist attack it affects everyone either directly or indirectly, when foreign investors leave the country because of insecurity it affects everyone aspect of the already dwindling economy.
It’s not religious to fight for God as humanity itself is the best religion “Religion- I shall speak no more of them, because, being created and maintained by God, it would be the act of a proud and foolish man to discuss them.”
WHY PEOPLE ENGAGE IN TERRORISM
1-Poverty & Hunger
Goal two of the Sustainable Development Goals, developed in 2016, strives for “Zero Hunger” by 2030.
Approximately 27.4% of the population in Africa was classified as severely food insecure in 2016.
A report by Brookings Institution, a nonprofit public policy organization in USA, has put Nigeria on top of the world poverty statistics — ahead of India. The report, titled ‘The Start of a New Poverty Narrative’, says Nigeria has now taken over as the nation with the highest number of extremely poor people in the world.
Robert Jameson sees Intellectual poverty is when you stop asking questions. It’s when you lose your inquisitiveness and are no longer curious. It occurs when people arrogantly believe they know more than they actually know. It occurs when people decide it’s not important to learn anything new. It occurs when people believe that their current opinions are unquestionably true and that anyone who disagrees with them must be wrong.
If with your level of education (either low or high) you are indeed wallowing in interlectual penury you still engage in the following;
*If you promote wrong doings
*Support crime in which ever way
*Turn a blind eye to the bad things someone close to you does
*Not utilize power or authority positivity
*Despite your education only see the bad sides of everything
*Blindly propagate religion supremacy.
Greed that exists in our world leads people to unhappy and selfish lives.
According to Richard F. Taflinger The definition of greed is an extreme or excessive desire for resources, especially for property such as money, real estate, or other symbols of wealth. Here we run into two problems: defining excessive, and defining wealth, especially in terms of human psychology.
Most of the issues that snowball into terrorism have at the initial case been minute but the government don’t take it seriously ollowing the July 2009 Boko Haram uprising, the Nigerian military captured Yusuf at his parents-in-law’s house. They transferred him to the custody of the Nigerian police force.The police summarily executed Yusuf in public view outside the police headquarters in Maiduguri.Police officials initially claimed either that Yusuf was shot while trying to escape, or died of wounds he sustained during a gun battle with the military.
Jean Jacques Rosseau submitted a government is legitimate if only it’s operating within the principles of popular sovereignty.
Leaders see the position of authority as an opportunity to have their share of the national cake and they do so by harnessing as many funds as they can, they save this money in foreign account thereby improving the economy of those nation at the expense of theirs.
6-Uneven distribution of resources
Some socialism advocate argued that government exist to protect the capitalists interest and government is a tool in the hands of capitalist.
The uneven distribution or allocation of what rightfully and should equally belong to everyone will forever be a problem in human history.
“All conflicts grow from the hearts of people before they become manifest and we need to return to working on the hearts and minds of our people so that Nigerians would be good”.
*Change of mind set, not until we change the notion of how and to what extent can I benefit from my nation to how can I improve my nation and make a better place
*Proper orientation and re-orientation for all populace no matter the age
*National value and tolerance inculcated in educational curriculum at all levels and made compulsory
*Religious leaders preaching total peace and walking the talk
*Issue of supremacy of one religion over others should be abolished and attract sanction
*The religious bodies should be overhauled, giving more duties and closely monitored
*Government should be ever responding and reactive
*Provision of jobs in all scale, an idle hand…
*Local government made to function
*Communal save guard
In the end a thousand monarch reigns over a thousand epoch, a politician has one life but numerous lies, a promiscuous man has one life but lots of wives, a technocrat has one life but with many ideas, a drinker has one life but many hangouts, a religious man has one life yet filled with religious memo, an artisan has one life but numerous innovations, a lecturer has one life but a thousand students he has impacted but a writer examines a thousand lifestyles while unravelling mysteries and searching for the end of time as the pen is mightier than sword while a reader lives a thousand lives because words are not just meant to be read on pages they are equally meant to be breathable.
✍🏽Sultan Babatunde LAWAL.
A graduate of Political Science from University of Ilorin. A post graduate student of University of Ibadan. A Certified Admin Manager|Writer|Administrator|Comrade|Politician| Public Speaker.