Today on our healthpository series: Typhoid

Today on our healthpository series
Typhoid by Raji Yusuf

Typhoid is a serious and sometimes life threatening infection caused by a bacteria known as Salmonellah typhi.
This disease is common mostly in an area where there is poor sanitation and contaminated drinking water.

The bacterial infection grows in the intestines and bloodstream.

It spreads very fast in the bloodstream and can be transferred by eating food or drinking water contaminated with the faeces of an infected person.
The only mode of transmission is human to human, as the bacteria can’t be found in animal.

World Health Organization (WHO) further recommends that all typhoid fever vaccination programmes should be implemented in the context of other efforts to control the disease which include health education, water quality, sanitation improvements as well as training of health professionals in diagnosis and treatment.

Symptoms
Symptoms normally show within 6 to 30 days after being exposed to the bacteria.
In some cases the symptoms are non-specific and medically can’t be differentiated from other febrile illnesses (symptoms of fever). Some of these include:

Prolonged fever
Headache
Nausea
Loss of appetite
Constipation
Diarrhoea
Stomach ache
Weakness

Prevention tips
Taking vaccines is the most effective way to prevent the disease condition. In this regard, two typhoid vaccines are currently recommended by WHO for control of endemic and epidemic typhoid fever.

Concisely, some basic tips on preventing typhoid are:

Vaccination
Proper hygiene
Regular washing of hands
Well cooked food
Proper and regular cleeaning of environment
Provision of drinkable water

Treatment
Typhoid can only be treated with antibiotics medications and without treatment typhoid can become fatal (deadly).
Once you feel any of the underlying symptoms, consult your health care provider for clinical diagnosis and appropriate treatment.

Remember: self medication is not advisable.

Yusuf Babatunde
Health Advocate
Healthpository

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