Today on our healthpository series: Constipation

Today on our healthpository series

Constipation is the irregular or inconsistent bowel movement (passing out of stool) in the body.
Constipation is generally defined as having less than three bowel movements a week.

Constipation is a symptom rather than a disease condition and it affects almost every human being in their life time.

Although, it is not that serious of an illness as the body system of individuals varies. Some can have bowel movements two to three times a day while some can have it less than three times a week.

However, having a bowel movement less than three times a week will make your stool become hard.

Life style changes, some medications and underlying health conditions can cause constipation.

How does constipation occur

According to clevelandclinic Constipation happens because your colon absorbs too much water from waste (stool/poop), which dries out the stool making it hard in consistency and difficult to push out of the body.

To back the assertion up a bit, it is of note that as food normally moves through the digestive tract, nutrients are absorbed and the partially digested food (waste) that remains moves from the small intestine to the large intestine, also called the colon.
The colon then absorbs water from this waste, which creates a solid matter called stool.

If you have constipation, food may move too slowly through the digestive tract which gives the colon more time to absorb water from the waste. Premised on this, the stool becomes dry, hard, and difficult to push out.


Passing out stool (faeces) less than three times a week.

Passing out a hard, dry and lumpy stool.

Having difficulty or pains when passing out stool.

Having stomach ache or cramps.

Bloated and Nauseous feeling.

Inability to completely empty bowel after a movement.


Poor diet

Not eating enough fiber containing food

Not drinking enough water


Underlying health conditions



Not having adequate exercise

Resisting the urge of passing out stool (faeces).


Eat lots of food high in fiber, such as; beans, fruit, vegetable, whole grain, cereal, etc.

Drink a lot of water to stay hydrated.

Regular exercise.

Reduce stress as much as possible.

Never resist the urge to pass out stool.

Abstain from the intake of alcohols and caffeinated drinks which mostly lead to dehydration.

Eat a well balanced diet.

Reduce the intake of food low in fiber.

Usage of prescribed laxative drugs which help to softening stool.

Note: Talk to your health care provider for a prescription.

See your health care provider once there is;
Blood in your stool, Having a severe abdominal pain and
Constipation longer than three weeks.

Yusuf Babatunde
Health Advocate

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